The efforts of the formulation of criteria and indicators as the standard measure for sustainable forest management has been implemented in Peninsular Malaysia in 1994 based on the ITTO Criteria and Indicators For Sustainable Forest Management published in 1992. Consequently, a document known as the criteria, indicators, activities and Management Specification for the certification of Forest Management in Peninsular Malaysia were produced.
The standard has been tested of its application in the State of Pahang, Selangor and Terengganu by a Malaysian cooperation pilot project – The Netherlands in mid-1996. The results of this pilot project were discussed in some forum meetings held in 1998 and 1999. Several factors, views or major developments against the criteria and indicators was included. Some of which include:


  • The adoption of the Dutch Minimum Standards by The Netherlands as good forest management standards;
  • The adoption of the ITTO Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management of Natural Tropical Forests, 1998 in Malaysia; dan
  • Results of the consultation sessions at the regional and national levels in 1999 to formulate a national standard for forest management certification.

The output of the discussions in the forum-this forum was the production of a document entitled Malaysian, Criteria, Indicators, Activities and Standards of Performance (MC&I) for Forest Management Certification (Forest Management Unit Level), Peninsular Malaysia dated 23 December 1999. This Standard Document is known as MC&I (2001).

Standard MC&I (2001) in eight (8) States namely Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor dan Terengganu has received some criticism, especially from non-governmental bodies who are of the opinion that this Standard will still need to give more consideration to more reasonable and to the requirements of environmental protection, ecology, social and biological diversity.

Aware of this fact, Malaysian Timber Certification Council (MTCC) has been working with Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in 1999 to develop a new standard based on the FSC Principles and Criteria. Under the collaboration, Forest Certification Workshop was held in December 2000, allows the creation of various stakeholders National Steering Committee (NSC) who was given the mandate to decide on the terms and conditions for cooperation of the FSC and MTCC-to revise the standard existing forest management in accordance with FSC requirements in order. In addition, the study of the cooperation of the MTCC-FSC forest management standard to compare existing FSC Principles and criteria (P & C) was carried out by two independent consultants final report has been submitted to the MTCC and FSC in September 2001.

Early draft MC&I (2002) this has been revised and improvements have been made taking into account the differences in three regions in Malaysia namely the difference in economic, environmental and social conditions. As a result of consultations and discussion jointly agreed to adopt the document entitled Malaysian Criteria and Indicators for Forest Management Certification [MC & I (2002)] as the Standard for evaluation and certification of Forest Management in 2004.

In accordance with international practice and the process of setting standards for the development of certification standards adopted under MTCS, which requires that review is conducted at least every five (5) years to ensure improvements are made on an ongoing basis. To this end, Standards Review Committee (SRC) which is a forum for various stakeholders who are assigned to review the MC & I (2002) as well as to develop revised standards have been established. MTCC acts as Secretariat to the SRC and play a role to facilitate the formation of the SRC.

Until the beginning of February 2012, eight (8) FMU in Peninsular Malaysia namely FMU Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor dan Terengganu involving a total of 4.58 million hectares of permanent reserved forest was successfully maintained with forest management Certificate according to the Standard MC & I (2002) by an independent certification body, namely, SIRIM QAS International Sdn Bhd and SGS (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd for the year 2012, all eight (8) the audited FMU are in accordance with the Standard MC & I (Natural) started on 1 July 2012.

In 2012, The Certification Audit/Monitoring was carried out in Nine State Forestry Department (JPNNS) on 3 – 7 September 2012 by SIRIM QAS International Sdn Bhd. MC & I (natural forest) will be fully implemented on June 1, 2013.In addition to that, the implementation of Internal Audit of the MC & I (Natural Forest) done on the JPNNS on 15-18 April 2013 aims to ensure that JPNNS always comply with certification of MC & I.

Although Forest Management Certification implemented now more geared to meet the demands and requirements of international consumer market (International Consumer Demand) and the participation of JPNNS in this context is intended to support the noble commitment to the importance of the preservation of the role and contribution of forest resources of the country, especially the areas of permanent reserved forest (HSK) under Sustainable forest management practices (PHSB) to benefit the current generation and the future. This is also the aspiration of the JPNNS thus also the focus of the main achievement of the vision JPNNS, i.e. "to become the Leading Agency in the management of sustainable Tropical Forest". For this purpose, JPNNS Mission is to manage and develop sustainable forest resources as well as optimize the contribution to socio-economic development of the country. The Forestry Department Is Committed towards the achievement of the certification of An MC & I (Natural Forest).