Development And Implementation Of Criteria And Indicators Of Forest Management In Peninsular Malaysia
MC&I (2001) standard implemented in eight (8) States namely Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Terengganu has received some criticism, especially from non-governmental bodies who are of the opinion that this Standard will still need to give more consideration to more reasonable and to the requirements of environmental protection, ecology, social and biological diversity.
Aware of this fact, Malaysian Timber Certification Council (MTCC) has partnered with the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in 1999 to develop a new standard based on the FSC Principles and Criteria. Under the collaboration, Forest Certification Workshop was held in December 2000, allows the creation of various stakeholders of the National Steering Committee (NSC) was given the mandate to decide on the terms and conditions for cooperation of the FSC and MTCC-to revise the standard existing forest management in accordance with FSC requirements in order. In addition, the study of the cooperation of the MTCC-FSC forest management standard to compare existing FSC Principles and criteria (P&C) was carried out by two independent consultants final report has been submitted to the MTCC and FSC in September 2001.
The initial draft MC&I (2002) have been revised and improvements have been made taking into account the differences in three regions in Malaysia namely the difference in economic, environmental and social conditions. As a result of consultations and discussion jointly agreed to adopt the document entitled Malaysian Criteria and Indicators for Forest Management Certification [MC&I (2002)] as the Standard for evaluation and certification of Forest Management in 2004.
In accordance with international practice and the process of setting standards for the development of certification standards adopted under MTCS, which requires that review is conducted at least every five (5) years to ensure improvements are made on an ongoing basis. To this end, Standards Review Committee (SRC) which is a forum for various stakeholders who are assigned to review MC&I (2002) as well as to develop revised standards have been established. MTCC acts as Secretariat to the SRC and play a role to facilitate the formation of the SRC.
Until the beginning of February 2012, eight (8) FMU in Peninsular Malaysia namely FMU Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Terengganu which involve a total of 4.58 million hectares of permanent reserved forest was successfully maintained with forest management Certificate according to the Standard MC&I (2002) by an independent certification body, namely, SIRIM QAS International Sdn Bhd and SGS (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd. For the year 2012, all eight (8) the audited FMU are according to Standard MC&I (Natural) started on 1 July 2012. Standard MC&I (natural forest) will be fully implemented on June 1, 2013.